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What are Positive Energy Districts
The basic principle of Positive Energy Districts (PEDs) is to create an area within the city, capable of generating more energy than consumed at net zero greenhouse gas emissions.

A PED should not only aim to achieving an annual surplus of net energy. Rather, it should also support minimizing the impact on the connected centralized energy networks (external supply during peak-times) by offering options for increasing onsite load-matching and self-consumption, technologies for short and long-term storages, and providing energy flexibility with smart controls.
Key functions of a PED
Each PED needs to address three key functions:

(1) Energy Production issues need to ensure the production of renewable energy, which is highly dependent on local conditions and the transformation of Europe’s energy system as a whole.
(2) Energy Flexibility addresses the resilience of energy supply, involving demand side management, sector coupling and storage.
(3) Energy Efficiency is a highly critical function targeting massive reduction of energy consumption in the area.
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